You can find a car rental agency in all the major tourist
areas. Most of the cars for rent are in decent shape,
you should check thoroughly before signing any forms.
As with hire cars, you can find bikes
for rent almost anywhere. Like renting a car, you should
always check the bike before parting with your cash. In
Indonesia you have to wear a helmet by law.
/ Mountain Bike
Cycling can be a cheap and enjoyable
way to get around, although you do have to be quite fit
to ride around the central, hilly regions. You can find
bike rental in all the main tourist spots.
Public transport minivans. By far the cheapest way to
travel, although not the most comfortable.
A very relaxing way to see the sights, organized tours
relieve you of the hassle of trying to navigate your way
around. On the down side, however, you do have to follow
itineraries, so spur of the moment sight-seeing is not
an option. Tours can be booked at any of the travel offices
scattered around the island.
Bali is situated approximately on latitude 8 degrees South
and longitude 115 degrees East, and together with the nearby
island of Lombok, are the most westerly of the Little Sunda
Islands. They are part of the nearly 13,700 islands that make
up the Republic of Indonesia, the world's largest archipelago.
Ecotourism & Ecology
BALI BARAT NATIONAL PARK
Almost the whole of the western tip of Bali,
covering an area of over 750 square km, has been set aside
as a conservation area. Included within the park's boundaries
are open savannahs, rainforests, mangrove swamps, coral
reefs and Pulau Menjangan (Deer Island), a small island
off the north coast. The park is a haven for a wide range
of animals and birds, especially the endangered Bali Starling.
Although most of the park is out of bounds to the public,
there are a number of trails still open to visitors.
Pulau Menjangan, home to the rare Java Deer, can also
visited and has very good diving and snorkeling. To enter
the park you must be accompanied by an official guide
and in possession of a park permit. Both can be obtained
at the National Park Headquarters in Cekik, about 3 km
south of Gilimanuk.
Or Taman Burung located at Singapadu near Batubulan. Taman
Burung houses over 1000 birds, including varieties from
all over Indonesia. One of the aims of the park is to
try and breed endangered species in captivity, including
the indigenous Bali Mynah. Those of you who are not necessarily
interested in ornithology will be impressed by the two
hectares of tropical gardens.
Or Taman Kupu-kupu located at Jl. Batukaru Sandan Wanasari,
Tabanan Regency. Recently opened, Indonesia's only butterfly
park is helping to study, breed and preserve many kinds
of butterflies from all over Indonesia.
The Bali Zoo Park is the perfect wildlife conservatory
for 350 animals of tropical birds, mammals, reptiles.
Set in 3.5 hectare of naturalistic landscape, the park
is spaciously built in 30.000 m2 with tall trees, long
grasses and thick vegetation, re-creating a natural habitat
for the animal. The zoo promotes an effective learning
about wildlife conservation especially for the children,
it also act as facilitation to reintroduce the endangered
The exhibits of mammals ranging from primates, deer's,
camel, kangaroos and Sumatran Tiger. The popular tropical
birds such as Cassowary, peacocks, cockatoos, Bali Starling
and Asian bred bird types. Other exhibits include reptiles,
among them the Komodo dragon the largest living lizard
only found in Indonesia, Iguanas, Green Snack and Python.
Kebun Raya Eka Karya is located at Bedugul. Established
in 1959 these gardens cover over 120 hectares on the slopes
of Gunung Pohon (Tree Mountain). The gardens contain a
huge collection of trees, nearly 500 varieties of orchid
and are rich in bird life. As a centre for the study of
local plants, the gardens also boast a herbarium and library.
Near Pupuan, West Bali. Dropping over 100 m, this waterfall
is spectacular especially during the rainy season. Be
prepared for a bit of a trek up a steep, and at times
rough, track to get there.
10 km south of Singaraja. Not far from the main road,
Gitgit is an impressive 40 m waterfall that gushes into
a deep pool. A swim here can be very refreshing, although
local legend has it that couples bathing here together
will eventually separate.
Near the village of Sangeh is about 20 km north of Denpasar.
This forest, of approximately 6 hectares, is filled with
giant nutmeg trees that can grow up to 40 m high. The
main attractions here are the hordes of Balinese monkeys
that inhabit both the trees and the temple, Pura Bukit
Sari, located in the heart of the forest. Visitors should
be aware that these monkeys are attracted to shiny objects,
so cameras and jewellery should be left behind or well
hidden under clothes or in a bag before setting off to
INDONESIA JAYA REPTILE and CROCODILE PARK
Or Taman Buaya dan Reptil Indonesia, offers a rare opportunity
to come within touching distance (whilst still feeling
completely safe!) of the first vertebrates completely
adapted for life on land : lizards, snakes and the world's
oldest and most sinister of tropical beasts, the crocodile.
The park is set in beautiful surroundings in the historic
and once-powerful Hindu Bali kingdom of Mengwi.
Under conditions strictly controlled by CITES (Convention
on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora
and Fauna), visitors can closely observe 500 crocodiles
of 4 species, 15 different snakes, 8 species of lizard
and 4 of Indonesia's rare Komodo dragon, (one way to see
Indonesia's autocnous monitor lizard if you don't have
the time to cruise to their original habitat of Komodo
or Rinca in Nusa Tenggara). The 'dragon' is one of the
largest monitor lizards inhabiting the planet reaching
up to 3 m in length and weighing up to 150 kg. Programmers
for breeding and hatching are an important part of the
park's agenda. The management have undergone intensive
training in Australia's Northern Territory on all aspects
of management and sustainable use, reproduction, nesting,
incubation, husbandry, handling and farming of crocodilians
and offer in depth information as you are guided around
This forest is smaller than the one at Sangeh but the
monkeys are just as wild. As above try not to wear shiny
jewellery and don't leave any bags lying unattended as
they will very likely be whisked away by our furry cousins.
- Goa Gajah
Or Elephant Cave near Teges, Gianyar Regency. Dating from
the eleventh century there are conflicting opinions about
whether this cave was originally a Buddhist or Hindu hermitage.
Although not very large, it boasts some interesting carvings.
- Goa Lawah
Or Bat Cave in Klungkung Regency. Famous for the thousands
of fruit bats that live here, this can be an interesting,
if pungent, experience.
- Goa Karang Sari
On Nusa Penida Island. South-East of Bali. This cave extends
over 200 m into the hillside and during the Galungan festival
hosts a torchlight procession and various ceremonies.
- Lake Batur
Mount Batur, Bangli Regency. The largest lake in Bali
and home to the goddess Danu, this lake lies within the
crater of Mount Batur.
- Lake Bratan
On the slopes of Mount Catur near Bedugul. Location of
the superb Pura Ulun Danu, this lake offers both superb
scenery and water sports for the more adventurous.
- Lakes Buyan and Tamblingan
On the slopes of Mt. Lesong in Buleleng province. Less
visited, these lakes offer great walks and the chance
of a little solitude for those wishing to escape the hustle
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